Editorial Memo: Funding is Critical to Ensuring Free, Fair and Safe Elections

I’m writing on behalf of WV Citizens for Clean Elections, as well as the 160 organizations that have joined to form the Declaration for American Democracy coalition. We are focused on ensuring a safe and secure national election in November. The events we saw during Wisconsin and Georgia’s primaries where voters, particularly people of color, faced countless barriers to voting, including absentee ballot delays, polling place closures, five-hour long lines, and broken voting machines, were unacceptable.

The election is just months away, and West Virginia and other states are running out of time to make critical purchases and plans to ensure free, fair and safe elections.

State and federal leaders must urgently invest in and put in place changes across the country so all Americans have equal access to the ballot box, and no American has to choose between their safety and their vote. As we wait for the U.S. Senate to take up debate on the next Congressional coronavirus response package, we ask you to urge Senator Shelley Moore Capito to support and to put pressure on Sen. Mitch McConnell to adopt the election protection reforms and funding included in the House-passed HEROES Act to uphold our nation’s election and democracy. We also urge you to dispel the lies coming from elected leaders, including the president, about the security of these reforms.

Experts estimate that the reforms needed to secure our elections will require a $4 billion investment from Congress for states and precincts to carry out this year ($400 million of which has already been sent to states, without stringent enough requirements to protect voters everywhere). Many of these important reforms are laid out in the HEROES Act, and would significantly boost access to the ballot and ensure voters don’t have to choose between their health and their vote.

Vital reforms in the HEROES Act include:

  • Providing resources to protect the health of poll workers and voters.

  • Requiring states to to expand early voting to prevent lines and crowded polling places on Election Day where people could be exposed to the coronavirus.

  • Allowing postage-paid, no excuse, vote-by-mail as an option for every voter.

  • Prohibiting efforts to restrict voter accessibility, such as requiring witnesses or notaries for absentee ballots. Any eligible ballot postmarked on or before election day must be counted.

  • Requiring equal access for voters with disabilities or voters who require language assistance.

  • Allowing for same day and online voter registration in all states.

  • Allowing Tribal governments to designate a community building as a ballot pick-up and drop of location; prohibiting any requirement calling for a residential address in order to vote.

  • Removing the prohibitive requirement that states produce a 20% match to receive critical funds from the Election Assistance Commission.

In West Virginia, we have already has online voter registration, and 10 days of early voting at county courthouses and community voting locations. Earlier this year, the Legislature passed a bill that amends the absentee voting laws to allow voters with a physical disability to receive and absentee ballot electronically, and to vote independently using an electronic ballot markeing tool.

Most recently, West Virginia expanded access to absentee voting to all registered voters due to the COVID-19 pandemic, and Governor Justice issued an executive order and provided funding to mail absentee ballot applications to every registered voter in the state. However, at this point we don’t know if absentee voting will be available to all voters in the general election, or if the necessary exective orders and funding will be in place to mail applications to voters. The latter was crucial to enabling voters to take advantage of this option in the primary, and West Virginia voters embraced absentee voting in large numbers, with half of voters choosing to cast their ballots safely from home.

Because the state’s rapidly aging population makes West Virginians more susceptible to COVID-19, the option to vote by absentee ballot essential to exercising our right to vote safely while protecting our health and the health of others. Ramping up our absentee voting program in the primary required substantially more staff, more working hours, and more equipment and resources. Our county clerks must have the staffing and other resources they need to ensure all West Virginia voters have the option to vote absentee in the general election, and that those who choose or need to vote in person have access to safe, sanitary polling locations that are equipped to protect both voters and poll workers.

BIPARTISAN SUPPORT FOR REFORM

The reforms in the HEROES Act are commonsense, time-tested solutions that will make it safe and fair for voters to cast their ballot no matter where they live. There is overwhelming support from the electorate and leaders in both political parties to pass these pro-voter reforms:

  • New polling of voters in battleground states and/or states with competitive Senate and House races, which was just released by Let America Vote and the National Democratic Redistricting Committee, found that 69 percent support expanding vote-by-mail and early voting options. After hearing messages that frame vote-by-mail as making it “easier for people to vote who may not be comfortable going to a polling place because of the coronavirus,” support among voters expanded to 73 percent.

  • An earlier survey of Americans conducted by the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication (climatecommunication.yale.edu) and the George Mason University Center for Climate Change Communication (climatechangecommunication.org) found that in 46 states, including West Virginia, more than three quarters of the public supports voting by mail in the upcoming election.

  • Several Republican leaders, including Senators John Cornyn (R-TX), Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV), and Roy Blunt (R-MO), and Governors DeWine (R-Ohio) and Ricketts (R-NE), among others, have have noted the past success of vote-by-mail or have expressed support for the policy in their state to ensure citizens have a safe way to vote come November.

  • Former RNC chairman Michael Steele wrote in a recent op-ed: “[T]he current emergency demands expanded use of vote-by-mail,” and our “democracy depends on it.”

  • Recently, even the RNC sent a mailer to voters in Pennsylvania that said: “Voting by mail is an easy, convenient and secure way to cast your ballot. Return the attached official Republican Party mail-in ballot application to avoid lines and protect yourself from large crowds on Election Day.”

TRUTH VS. LIES

Despite this wave of bipartisan support, President Donald Trump has spread lies to fan the flames of fear about election fraud and thereby block reforms or create a diversion that runs out the clock. Considering that Trump himself opted to vote by mail in the 2018 election and 2020 Florida primary, you’d think he would support the program for all citizens.

We cannot allow the right to safely vote become another polarizing issue in our country. No matter who wins in November, the test of our democracy starts with the election itself. We can protect West Virginia voters and protect the vote during this pandemic. And we must.

Sep 1 2020  Alerts and Updates
Planning to Vote by Mail? Here’s What You Need to Know
Aug 31 2020  Document
Open Letter to Governor Jim Justice, Secretary of State Mac Warner
Jul 29 2020  Document
Absentee Voting Demands Letter from WV Voting Rights Advocates & Community Leaders
Jul 29 2020  Press Release
WV Groups, Community Leaders Call on Governor, Secretary of State and County Clerks to Replicate Primary Election Voting and Absentee Ballot Request Options

The Author

Julie Archer

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